**Overview**

Think-Pair-Share is a strategy where teachers present students with a problem or question that they independently think about and then discuss with a partner or small group before finally presenting their thoughts and answers to the whole class.

**Why use Think-Pair-Share?**

- Easy preparation
- Personal interaction motivates students who might not otherwise be motivated to participate
- Various levels of questions/ problems can be presented
- It actively engages the entire class
- Allows teachers to assess student understanding by listening in on several groups during, and the discussion after
- Full class discussion is better after the think-pair-sh are
- Thinking time results in higher quality responses
- By discussing new ideas, students are deepening their understanding of the idea
- Students are more willing to participate because there is less peer pressure when talking to a partner or small group than to the whole class
- No specific materials needed

**Steps for using Think-Pair-Share**

- Pose a question or problem to students
- Give students time to
**THINK**independently about the question or problem - Ask students to
**PAIR**up with another student, or in small groups to discuss the question or problem - Have groups or partners
**SHARE**what they came up with in a whole-class discussion

**Challenges**

Student engagement is the biggest challenge of the Think-Pair-Share technique. Some ways a teacher can hold students responsible for their participation and increase engagement is to have a product that students complete and turn in, give students a grade for participation, let students know that each group will be called on to respond, or use questions or problems that students will see on tests.

**Hints for Success!**

- Assign partners rather than allowing students to pick partners
- Change partners so that students are not always working with the same people
- Be sure to provide adequate think time for students to form their thoughts before pairing up
- Monitor student discussions to make sure they are discussing the topic
- Randomly select students during sharing so that students don’t know who is or is not going to be called on. This encourages them all to be prepared to share.

**When to use Think-Pair-Share in Math**

- Think-Pair-Share can be used for all strands of math
- Use it to help students read and understand a problem
- Use to help in the problem solving process
- Use it to activate prior knowledge, understand a problem, or consolidate learning
- Practicing how to read larger numbers
- Learning to round numbers to various places
- Reviewing place value
- Solving word problems
- Recalling basic geometric terms
- Discuss the steps of addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division
- Discussing how to rename a fraction to lowest terms

**What it lookes like**

**Resources**

Think Literacy: Cross-Curriculum Approaches

Instructional Strategies Online

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